AKBAR The Great Mughal Emperor

Indian History is showing many invasions made on India by western people who came and conquered the land and initiated grave tortures to the people. Many invaders have come to India as it was land of riches and wealth at that period. Their atrocities have made the local people to revolt against them at around 1857 or so. But many great kings also have done Good to the Indian people in the past few hundred years. Among them King Akbar was one.

Akbar, the Great as he is commonly called was a third generation Mughal Emperor. He reigned during 1542-1605 A.D. He was the grandson of Babur who was the founder of this dynasty. Humayun was father of Akbar. He ascended the throne at the age of 13 after his father’s demise. Akbar’s army faced larger forces of Hindu king Hemu with the help of Bairam Khan. He defeated Hemu and captured Delhi on October 6 1556. He occupied most of North India initially after the second battle of Panipat. Akbar has defeated Sher shah Suri who was responsible for his father living in exile in Persia. But Akbar grew up in a village of Rewa called Mukundpur. He extended his Empire to the East which is now Afghanistan. There he was brought up by his Uncle Askar. He learnt to fight and Hunt but did not learn reading and writing. Later after two decades of his righteous rule he has include even most of central India also into his realm. He was known for his good deeds and righteousness. He had very much interest in painting and literature. He had his palace painted with murals while he made many Sanskrit works into Persian language.

Akbar had tremendous religious faith. Of course he was born Muslim, reared as Muslim and died as Muslim. But he respected other religions and use to organize religious debates and spiritual discussions with Hindus and other religions. He founded a religious cult called Din-I-llahi.

Akbar’s first major conquest was Malwa in 1562. Mughal army also conquered the land of Gonds by initiating Asaf khan who was the then Mughal governor of Allahabad. Asaf khan fought with Rani Durgavati, the queen of Gonds. After conquering Malwa he brought under his control the land which is now distributed as Rajasthan, Gujarat and Bengal. His major victory in this campaign was annexion of Chittor in 1568. Chittor was ruled by Maharana Uday Singh. He left the state by putting two warriors to safeguard Chittor. Mughals demolished the whole fort and killed around 30000 men when they tried to resist against Mughal conquer. In memory of two warriors Jaimal and Patta who safe guarded Chittor Akbar raised their stone statues in front of Agra Fort. Two Rajput clans of Chittor were opposed to him. They were Sisodiyas and Hadas. Maharana Pratap of Rajput dynasty still opposed Akbar even after Akbar has taken the reign of Rajputs. In 1572 Akbar captured Ahmedabad which is a land with fertile soils and highly developed crafts. The taxation system, military organization and political government was taken care very meticulously by Akbar which made him successful emperor.

He had his history and life depicted in books called AkbarNama and Ain-I-Akbari by Abul Fazal. He had friendly relationships with Hindus, Christians and Muslims. Akbar has remained ever as one of the great kings in India.

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