The Memorable Manali Holiday Packages

Manali is a picturesque tourists’ holiday destination. Nature reveals herself in various colors to soothe the eyes of the travelers. It is a small town surrounded by snow-capped peaks of the great Himalayas. The River Beas smoothly meanders through the town that makes it all the more enchanting. Have you ever seen anything like this? The rows of pine trees and deodar trees give a green and refreshing hue to the atmosphere. You will come across orchards over-laden with green and red apples. It is a mesmerizing feeling that transports you to a heavenly world.

The main attractions of your Manali holiday are Arjun Gufa, Club House, Nehru Kund, the temples of Hidimba Devi and Manu, the fantastic Solang Valley and the Rohtang Pass that offers great adventure sports. The Rahala Waterfalls attracts visitors to see the tremendous speed of the waters that fall from such great heights. Those who are interested in exciting sports can have fun at Spiti, Kangra, Lahaul and the Zanskara Ranges. From the heights of these ranges, the view of the sunset and the glittering monasteries are awesome. Trekking, rock climbing, paragliding gives tremendous enjoyment to youngsters. Elderly people can visit the calm and exquisitely designed monasteries in Manali. And also the other temples.

For shoppers, the government emporiums and local shops offer a variety of attractive items that are special to these places in the hills. You can collect some to keep as mementos. However it is advised that one should avail of the package tours as they are well organized to meet the requirements of the tourists. You can even make changes to your Manali holiday tours with prior notice.

Hotel bookings, sight-seeing cars and buses, adventure sports and safaris are arranged by the tour agents. Hence such a Manali tour is bound to be hassle-free and enjoyable. The hotels too are really wonderful. They offer all facilities to make your stay as comfortable as possible. Food available at these hotels is of international standards. You will get all types of dishes from Chinese to Thai, English, and Punjabi to the local delicacies of Manali. Special arrangements are made for children and kids. Various Manali holiday packages are available like 3nights and 4 days, 5nights and 6 days and so on. If you have a long vacation you can easily stay for longer days to relax your selves. From Manali you can visit the nearby exciting places like Shimla, Kullu, Dalhousie and Dharamshala also as these hill stations of Himachal are equally beautiful. If you are planning for a Manali tour, book your tickets in advance so that you are not disappointed at the last moment.

Source by Sanjana Singh Jadon

Psychology of Struggle

Living in distorted houses in narrow streets, walking long hours to reach the work place, travelling in packed buses and trains, dining over insufficient food sharply reminds us of the tormenting days which people live at some point of time in their lives. Days pass by, time changes, life moves on but what remain is the thought and experience gathered in the memory’s pages of history which we call ‘the past’. Essentially these passed events attach certain valuable aspects to the people who travel through the path of difficulty. The famous saying “tough time never last, tough people do” by Robert Schuller holds true here.

It is never the intensity of the situation but what matters is psychology of the individual confronting the situation. Some fight and overcome the barriers on the path of success while others succumb to the pain and hardship of the thorny roads, wrestling with such odd times arouse a sense of courage, tolerance and patience which are some of the important qualities required for survival.

Now we can understand the significance of the word ‘struggle’ which relates to every living being on this planet. No matter whether it is a sapling bursting out of the earth surface to become a plant and grow or a baby, being born tearing out the womb of the mother to face the world. Life broadly has two inevitable phases, one filled with pleasure and happiness while the other seems to be very burdensome, hard and strenuous. Both have an equal relevance as far as one’s wholeness is concerned. Only good times minus tears make a person immature, dependent, and crippled. On the other hand only hardship makes a man tough, apathetic and cruel. Hence a balance of both the elements makes an individual complete. Moreover, one can enjoy happiness only when he understands the pain of suffering.

Struggle gives us an opportunity to grow and move ahead in life. Most famous people have tough tales of struggle beneath their success. Success holds high value because it required toil, perseverance, conviction and ambition to achieve it.

There have been many books and films on the lives of great men highlighting their struggle. One of the books is ‘The long pursuit’ by Roy Morris which narrates Abraham Lincoln’s thirty years of struggle with his political rival Stephen Douglas which shaped and impacted the future of the country. Coming to films recently there was a Marathi movie by Paresh Mokashi, ‘Harishchandrachi Factory’ which entailed the struggle of Dadasaheb Phalke in making Raja Harishchandra in 1913, India’s first feature film. The film had got nominated for the Oscars.

Likewise there are people who have climbed the ladder of success leaving behind bitter stories. I would cite names of some notable persons who with their skill, effort and entrepreneurship enhanced the vision of the nation and proved themselves in every wake of life. It would begin with a personality who believed in “Life is Growth”, he is considered as India’s most enterprising entrepreneur and is the founder of the largest private sector company, The Reliance Group. Yes, the name is not difficult to recall ‘The Guru’ Dhirajlal Hirachand Ambani, a rewind journey of his life would bring into light certain aspects of struggle that he did before being called ‘Dhirubhai’. He was the son of a school teacher, his entrepreneurial career started by selling ‘bhajias’ to pilgrims on weekends, then he worked as gas-station attendant and a clerk in a oil company in Yemen. Ten years later Reliance Commercial Corporation was set which was his first office in an area of only 350 sq. ft. He lived with his wife and children in a small flat in Mumbai during that period. Dhirubhai started his first textile mill at Naroda, Ahmedabad; this was in the year 1977. The popular brand ‘Vimal’ was his product. With time he diversified to telecommunication, information technology, energy, power, retail, capital market and more. He initiated the ‘equity cult’ in India. It was from 1977 to 2007 that the business tycoon topped the list of being second rich in the world. Today, Group’s annual revenue is in excess of US $ 28 billion. Reliance started from scratch and is a famous name today related with almost all sectors of business. To succeed in life one needs education, wealth, family background, he had none of them but yet he moved from rags to riches with his courage, boldness and intiative. Dhirubhai Ambani is a unique person and truly is an entrepreneur par excellence.

Struggle sagas when powered with examples, becomes easy to connect with the pain and strain that these people have been through in their life. The next important person is Brijmohan Lal Munjal, Chairman of Hero Group, a name synonym with two wheelers in India, hails from a simple middle-class family who sensing the pain of partition came to Amritsar, he and his brothers started a small business of selling bicycle components to manufacturers, slowly and steadily together they expanded their business to various parts of the nation, Gradually they turned on to be one of the largest bicycle part suppliers of the country. Later in the year 1952 they entered the manufacturing segment, with government support Hero Cycles was started and it ruled the market. Then it collaborated with Japan’s Honda and the famous Hero Honda was rolled out. Today Hero Group stands as the leader in motorcycles, manufacturing world’s largest number of motorbikes.

It is not about few names but it is about many of us who work hard to excel in our respective fields and hence we can define our psychology of struggle the best. Here is another such definition of Dr. Karsanbhai Kodidas Patel, an industrialist who was conferred with Padmashri Award (2010), founder of Nirma Group, a known name associated with detergent, soap and cosmetics. Recollecting his struggle story, it starts as, at the age of 21 after completing his B.Sc he started working as a lab technician, his creative interests made him start a business where he would bicycle neighbourhood places selling handmade detergent packet at a very low cost, slowly his product was liked and preferred over other brands, further he ventured into his new business without being afraid of failure. In a short span he popularized his product in Gujarat and Maharashtra further penetrated into the national market. Karsanbhai refuted old business theories and formulated new ones making Nirma available at a competitively cheaper price. With his innovative strategies, environment-friendly method and labour intensive manufacturing techniques; he conquered the domestic detergent market segment for quite long time putting behind bigger established brands.

The number would grow in huge number if enlisted but one thing is certain every name leaves a message beneath that is to walk without stopping till you attain the goal. Lastly, it is exactly like looking at the glass half filled with water, for some it is half empty and for others the glass is half filled. In other words one can approach a situation positively where he learns, understands and grows. Enriched in experience he attains unattainable goals and makes himself another Dhirubhai, Dadasaheb or Lincoln. Struggle requires attitude and nothing else.

Source by Nibedita Panda

The Climates of Asia

Asia is the biggest continent in the world. Due to its great size and extensive area which it covers from North to South and from East to West, a wide variety of climates exist. The climates of Asia can broadly be divided into following types:

The Equatorial Climate

This climate is found in areas located very close to the equator. The climate is hot and humid all the year round with excessive rainfall. There is no dry season and the rainfall is equally distributed in all months of the year. This type of climate is also called the climate of three eighties i.e., 80 F ( 27 C ) temperature throughout the year, 80 in (2000 mm) or more total annual rainfall and 80% relative humidity throughout the year. This type of climate is found in Indonesia and Malaysia.

The Monsoon Climates

This type has a definite dry season and a definite wet season. The cooler season is dry while the hot season is very wet indeed. The best example is the monsoon of the Indian Sub-Continent. Mumbai for example records more than 2000mm (80 inches) of rain in a year but months from December to February are absolutely dry. During the summer season, warm and moist winds blow from the Indian ocean towards India which bring heavy rain. In the cooler months the wind direction is from the land towards the sea so the winds are drier and bring little or no rain. China also experiences this type of climate but the temperatures are cooler than those of Indian monsoon so it is called China type of monsoon.

The Desert Climates

These type of Climates are found in Central Asia, Saudi Arabia, Iran , North-West India and South-East Pakistan. Although the deserts of Central Asia like Gobi and Taklamakan lie outside the tropics , the excessive heat they face in summer make them similar to the deserts of the lower latitudes. All deserts have the same characteristic features: very low rainfall and extremes of temperature. The rainfall is generally les than 10 inches (250 mm ). The difference between the hottest and coldest month is great . At Luktchun 43 N 90 E in Central Asia mean temperature of the hottest month is 90 F ( 32.2 C ) which rather matches with the tropical deserts but the coldest month records 13 F ( -10.6 C) which is unthinkable in hotter deserts located in Arabia etc.

The Middle Latitude Grassland Climates

This type of climate is found in the west of Central Asia where Asia meets with Europe at Ural Mountains and on the fringes of Mongolia. The summers are warm , the winters cold with moderate rainfall falling mostly in the summer months. The summer temperature generally does not rise above 75 F ( 23 C ) but winters are quite cold with two to three months below 32 F ( 0 C ).

The Cold Temperate Climate

This type of climate is found at higher latitudes normally above 50 degrees North and have moderate to cool summers and very cold winters. Since these area are very far off from the nearby sea it has got extremes of temperature .The climate is so extreme that such type of extremes are not found anywhere else in the world. Typical example of this type of climate is Verkoyansk in Siberia which is located at 68 degrees North and 133 East . The temperature for the month of July at this station is 60 F ( 16 C ) whereas the temperate for January is -58 F (-50 C ) – a range of 118 F! The precipitation is a moderate 14.7 inches (373 mm) and is mostly in the form of snow.

The Artic or Tundra Climate

This type of climate occurs in the extreme north of the continent near the North Pole. The climate is extremely cold all the year round and no month is above 43 F ( 6 C ) so no plantation or vegetation can survive. Only Eskimos who have adapted themselves to this sort of harsh climate can survive in this climatic zone. They have special type of houses made of snow locally called igloos to keep them warm.

The Mediterranean Climate

This type of climate with hot dry summers and cool wet winters occur in Turkey, Syria and along the coastal areas of Israel and Lebanon. Istanbul in Turkey is the best example . The hottest month records 74 F ( 23 C ) , the coolest 43 ( 6 C) . Total annual rainfall is 29 in ( 736 mm) of which 20 inches occurs from November to March and the summers are very dry indeed .

This in short is a brief detail of different climatic zones found in the continent of Asia.

Source by Waqar Awan

DIY Travel Guide to Gangtok, Sikkim in India Gangtok, which is the capital city …

DIY Travel Guide to Gangtok, Sikkim in India Gangtok, which is the capital city of Sikkim and is situated in the eastern Himalayan range at an elevation of about 5,410 Feet. Kanchenjunga, which at an altitude of 28,169 Ft. is the third largest peak in the world is visible from Gangtok. Gangtok is home to numerous Buddhist temples and monasteries.

Source by hellofirsta

Mirror Work Embroidery or Abla Embroidery Used in Fashion by Indian Designers

Mirror work is a traditional technique that is native to Gujarat in India. This technique has been extensively used for clothes and home accessories for many years. Indian designers have recently been using more of this technique for their runway and ready to wear collections. This technique has got a contemporary makeover by the Indian designers.

Some of the more recent examples of designers using this technique on the ramp include Abraham & Thakore and Payal Singhal. Both these contemporary designers have drawn inspiration from mirror work and used it in their collections.

Mirror Embroidery

Kaanch or Sisha embroidery is known as mirror-work or abla embroidery. Initially pieces of stones like mica were used rather than the mirrors but over time, small round mirrors or thin blown-glass pieces were broken and used.

Indian Designers and Abla Embroidery

Indian designers have made use of abla embroidery in various parts of their collections. The use has mainly been restricted to traditional garments and mainly for finishing touches. The use of extensive mirror work in collections of Designers from India is a rather new phenomenon.

Abraham & Thakore

The Indian designer duo of Abraham & Thakore used a combination of mirror work and subtle embroidery detailing. These designers are renowned for their contemporary interpretation of traditional Indian styles. The take in mirror work was no exception – these Indian designers use big mirrors on salwar kameez suits and on sarees.

While the choice of garments was exceptional, the execution of the vision was even more stylish. These designers showed (as they usually do) that it is possible to be modern and chic, and at the same time be inspired by Indian traditions

Payal Singhal

Payal Singhal’s latest collection showcased at the Lakme fashion week included a lot of pieces that featured mirror work

This designer created sarees, salwar kameez suits and lehengas (lenghas) – all featuring mirror detailing. The combination of mirror detailing on tops in peach and pink colours created a very unique look. The use of abla on lehengas has been traditional, but the colour combination and the general styling by Payal Singal made the pieces quite unique.


Mirror detailing has not been traditionally considered fashionable or chic. Each of the above mentioned Indian designers (Payal Singal and Abraham & Thakore) have used the technique in contemporary and fashionable manner. The promotion of this traditional technique by designers is certainly one in the right direction for traditional Indian crafts.

Source by V A Agarwal

Disadvantages of Railway Freight

Although railway freight is one of the ancient modes of transport that has evolved through time, it has got a share of its own shortcomings. The disadvantages include the following.

First, railway freight can be affected by unforeseen delays in its operations. The delays may be caused due to mechanical breakdowns, adverse weather conditions like snow and ice that may cover the railway lines making rail freight almost impossible. This can be a major setback in the railway transport industry as the delays are unpredictable.

Secondly, another shortcoming is that one has to rely on the schedule or timetable of the railway freight company. If the freight company does not have services for a given day, one has no option but to wait till when the service will be available next. If the service decides to suspend or postpone its activities for a certain period, one will be forced to wait until the services resume. Therefore, the users do not have control over the rail freight services.

Another major disadvantage of railway freight is that most of the customers or users of this service are not located near the railway depot or terminal. They have to travel over some distance so as to reach the service. Most of the services can only be accessed from railway stations or depots and are not distributed. The terminals are found along the railway line meaning that where there is no railway line, there is no rail freight service. This means that the user has to travel over long distances to access the service. This also means that moving from the railway terminal to final destinations is also cumbersome. Accessibility to railway freight thus becomes a problem.

Furthermore, railway freight also has a limited number of carriers for transporting cargo. For instance if the number of coaches is twenty, they cannot be increased and one will have to wait for the next trip in order to make use of the service. This limits the amount of cargo that rail freight can haul at ago. Their transport service is limited to the number of containers that can be hauled at one go.

Moreover, railway freight requires intensive capital investments. Most of the railway machinery consumes a lot of capital ranging from the railway line to the engines. This also means that should there be any mechanical problem, it will require a lot of funds to fix the problem. Such amounts may not be readily available which may end up stalling the railway freight service altogether.

Finally, railway freight has got limited and fixed routes that do not have much connectivity. Connection between two different points that do not have a railway terminal is impossible. Connection is only established where a railway line passes through meaning that cargo can move only along the railway line to a specified destination. The problem is even made worse due to the fact that expansion of the rail network calls for massive capital investment which may not be readily available. This works against the expansion of the railway network.

Source by Brijesh P Ghelani

Being a Widow in India is a Curse

As spectators to India’s surge ahead towards becoming a global nation we some times tend to forget the centuries old traditions that have often defined India across time. And even today’s generation thinks of India of yore it’s all the seemingly good things that come mind.

But along the superpower that India is, exists a rather rudimentary nation that still exists in the past. Mention the secluded lives of widows and many of us won’t even acknowledge that there are people who still think that the death of a spouse can alter the course of lives.

Lonely Images, a photo exhibition offered one such insight into the world of Indian widows. Often condemned to a life of loneliness and subjected to taunts, physical and mental torture at the hands of the deceased husband’s relatives, widows in India have no one else to turn to except gods.

Featuring the works of Ying Leong, Erik Boker, Brain Harmon and Vanessa Tang, Lonely Images highlights the women forced by centuries old traditions to renounce all of life’s luxuries.

Vanessa Tang shows the life of such women in the holy city of Benares. Tang’s lens captures the ‘slowness’ of a widows’ life along the banks of Ganga. The images are unlike anything that Incredible India would ever show you as they depict a world that is as old as time itself and yet survives parallel to the present.

Put together by the Guild For Service, an organisation dedicated to empowering women for more than forty years, the exhibition also highlights the work done by the Guild. Started in 1972 by the Nobel Peace Prize nominee Dr Mohini Giri, the organisation spearheads the movement for giving status to widows and bringing back dignity and joy to their lives.

Ying Leong’s photos feature the widows at Amar Bari, Guild For Service’s shelter home for widows in Vrindavan. The death of a husband changes everything for millions of women in India and more often than not this also means a journey to Vrindavan, one of India’s holiest town.

According to estimates Vrindavan has over 4,000 temples and the city is home to more than 20,000 widows. Forced to live according to the ancient scriptures such as The Dharmashatra, which covers the moral, ethical and social laws of ancient India, Amar Bari has women whom tradition expects to devote the remainder of their lives to the memory of the departed husband.

The last section of Lonely Images is made up by the joint works of Erik Boker and Brain Harmon. Large canvases featuring classical studio portraits of widowed women form a better part of the duo’s work. The images might be staged, the set-ups might be planned but the photographers nevertheless capture rare glimpses of happiness in their subjects.

Visually stunning and strong images, some of them break away from traditional portraits and focus on cutaways and close ups of hands and eyes. It might be very easy for many of us to shun the rules of yore by spinning yarns of progress but we need to understand that no matter how far we come some part of the past just refuse to die.

NOTE: This photography exhibition in Delhi depicts clearly the lonely images of an Indian widow’s life.

Source by Mahatru Goyal