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Manali is a picturesque tourists’ holiday destination. Nature reveals herself in various colors to soothe the eyes of the travelers. It is a small town surrounded by snow-capped peaks of the great Himalayas. The River Beas smoothly meanders through the town that makes it all the more enchanting. Have you ever seen anything like this? The rows of pine trees and deodar trees give a green and refreshing hue to the atmosphere. You will come across orchards over-laden with green and red apples. It is a mesmerizing feeling that transports you to a heavenly world.
The main attractions of your Manali holiday are Arjun Gufa, Club House, Nehru Kund, the temples of Hidimba Devi and Manu, the fantastic Solang Valley and the Rohtang Pass that offers great adventure sports. The Rahala Waterfalls attracts visitors to see the tremendous speed of the waters that fall from such great heights. Those who are interested in exciting sports can have fun at Spiti, Kangra, Lahaul and the Zanskara Ranges. From the heights of these ranges, the view of the sunset and the glittering monasteries are awesome. Trekking, rock climbing, paragliding gives tremendous enjoyment to youngsters. Elderly people can visit the calm and exquisitely designed monasteries in Manali. And also the other temples.
For shoppers, the government emporiums and local shops offer a variety of attractive items that are special to these places in the hills. You can collect some to keep as mementos. However it is advised that one should avail of the package tours as they are well organized to meet the requirements of the tourists. You can even make changes to your Manali holiday tours with prior notice.
Hotel bookings, sight-seeing cars and buses, adventure sports and safaris are arranged by the tour agents. Hence such a Manali tour is bound to be hassle-free and enjoyable. The hotels too are really wonderful. They offer all facilities to make your stay as comfortable as possible. Food available at these hotels is of international standards. You will get all types of dishes from Chinese to Thai, English, and Punjabi to the local delicacies of Manali. Special arrangements are made for children and kids. Various Manali holiday packages are available like 3nights and 4 days, 5nights and 6 days and so on. If you have a long vacation you can easily stay for longer days to relax your selves. From Manali you can visit the nearby exciting places like Shimla, Kullu, Dalhousie and Dharamshala also as these hill stations of Himachal are equally beautiful. If you are planning for a Manali tour, book your tickets in advance so that you are not disappointed at the last moment.
Asia is the biggest continent in the world. Due to its great size and extensive area which it covers from North to South and from East to West, a wide variety of climates exist. The climates of Asia can broadly be divided into following types:
The Equatorial Climate
This climate is found in areas located very close to the equator. The climate is hot and humid all the year round with excessive rainfall. There is no dry season and the rainfall is equally distributed in all months of the year. This type of climate is also called the climate of three eighties i.e., 80 F ( 27 C ) temperature throughout the year, 80 in (2000 mm) or more total annual rainfall and 80% relative humidity throughout the year. This type of climate is found in Indonesia and Malaysia.
The Monsoon Climates
This type has a definite dry season and a definite wet season. The cooler season is dry while the hot season is very wet indeed. The best example is the monsoon of the Indian Sub-Continent. Mumbai for example records more than 2000mm (80 inches) of rain in a year but months from December to February are absolutely dry. During the summer season, warm and moist winds blow from the Indian ocean towards India which bring heavy rain. In the cooler months the wind direction is from the land towards the sea so the winds are drier and bring little or no rain. China also experiences this type of climate but the temperatures are cooler than those of Indian monsoon so it is called China type of monsoon.
The Desert Climates
These type of Climates are found in Central Asia, Saudi Arabia, Iran , North-West India and South-East Pakistan. Although the deserts of Central Asia like Gobi and Taklamakan lie outside the tropics , the excessive heat they face in summer make them similar to the deserts of the lower latitudes. All deserts have the same characteristic features: very low rainfall and extremes of temperature. The rainfall is generally les than 10 inches (250 mm ). The difference between the hottest and coldest month is great . At Luktchun 43 N 90 E in Central Asia mean temperature of the hottest month is 90 F ( 32.2 C ) which rather matches with the tropical deserts but the coldest month records 13 F ( -10.6 C) which is unthinkable in hotter deserts located in Arabia etc.
The Middle Latitude Grassland Climates
This type of climate is found in the west of Central Asia where Asia meets with Europe at Ural Mountains and on the fringes of Mongolia. The summers are warm , the winters cold with moderate rainfall falling mostly in the summer months. The summer temperature generally does not rise above 75 F ( 23 C ) but winters are quite cold with two to three months below 32 F ( 0 C ).
The Cold Temperate Climate
This type of climate is found at higher latitudes normally above 50 degrees North and have moderate to cool summers and very cold winters. Since these area are very far off from the nearby sea it has got extremes of temperature .The climate is so extreme that such type of extremes are not found anywhere else in the world. Typical example of this type of climate is Verkoyansk in Siberia which is located at 68 degrees North and 133 East . The temperature for the month of July at this station is 60 F ( 16 C ) whereas the temperate for January is -58 F (-50 C ) – a range of 118 F! The precipitation is a moderate 14.7 inches (373 mm) and is mostly in the form of snow.
The Artic or Tundra Climate
This type of climate occurs in the extreme north of the continent near the North Pole. The climate is extremely cold all the year round and no month is above 43 F ( 6 C ) so no plantation or vegetation can survive. Only Eskimos who have adapted themselves to this sort of harsh climate can survive in this climatic zone. They have special type of houses made of snow locally called igloos to keep them warm.
The Mediterranean Climate
This type of climate with hot dry summers and cool wet winters occur in Turkey, Syria and along the coastal areas of Israel and Lebanon. Istanbul in Turkey is the best example . The hottest month records 74 F ( 23 C ) , the coolest 43 ( 6 C) . Total annual rainfall is 29 in ( 736 mm) of which 20 inches occurs from November to March and the summers are very dry indeed .
This in short is a brief detail of different climatic zones found in the continent of Asia.
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Although railway freight is one of the ancient modes of transport that has evolved through time, it has got a share of its own shortcomings. The disadvantages include the following.
First, railway freight can be affected by unforeseen delays in its operations. The delays may be caused due to mechanical breakdowns, adverse weather conditions like snow and ice that may cover the railway lines making rail freight almost impossible. This can be a major setback in the railway transport industry as the delays are unpredictable.
Secondly, another shortcoming is that one has to rely on the schedule or timetable of the railway freight company. If the freight company does not have services for a given day, one has no option but to wait till when the service will be available next. If the service decides to suspend or postpone its activities for a certain period, one will be forced to wait until the services resume. Therefore, the users do not have control over the rail freight services.
Another major disadvantage of railway freight is that most of the customers or users of this service are not located near the railway depot or terminal. They have to travel over some distance so as to reach the service. Most of the services can only be accessed from railway stations or depots and are not distributed. The terminals are found along the railway line meaning that where there is no railway line, there is no rail freight service. This means that the user has to travel over long distances to access the service. This also means that moving from the railway terminal to final destinations is also cumbersome. Accessibility to railway freight thus becomes a problem.
Furthermore, railway freight also has a limited number of carriers for transporting cargo. For instance if the number of coaches is twenty, they cannot be increased and one will have to wait for the next trip in order to make use of the service. This limits the amount of cargo that rail freight can haul at ago. Their transport service is limited to the number of containers that can be hauled at one go.
Moreover, railway freight requires intensive capital investments. Most of the railway machinery consumes a lot of capital ranging from the railway line to the engines. This also means that should there be any mechanical problem, it will require a lot of funds to fix the problem. Such amounts may not be readily available which may end up stalling the railway freight service altogether.
Finally, railway freight has got limited and fixed routes that do not have much connectivity. Connection between two different points that do not have a railway terminal is impossible. Connection is only established where a railway line passes through meaning that cargo can move only along the railway line to a specified destination. The problem is even made worse due to the fact that expansion of the rail network calls for massive capital investment which may not be readily available. This works against the expansion of the railway network.
India is known for its diversity and cultural richness. Known for its glorious past and brave stories, India offers its every traveller a warm welcome with all open hearts. If you are thinking to visit India in the near future, plan your vacations to one of the most amazing state of the country, Madhya Pradesh.
As its name suggests Madhya (center) Pradesh (area), the state is located in the middle of the country. The state is blessed with a bundle of natural richness and wildlife reserves. It is the state of Madhya Pradesh, which is crowned with the title of having maximum wildlife reserve centuries in the country.
To make your wildlife tour more enchanting we have brought to you the best of the 4 wildlife sanctuary of Madhya Pradesh which are visited by thousands of travellers every year. So let us start with this amazing jungle tour-
1. Bandhavgarh National Park
Bandhavgarh National Park is one of the famous National Parks which is spread at Vindhya hills at Madhya Pradesh. It is one of the best places to see royal Bengal tigers in India. The density of tiger’s population is highest known in India in this park. It is a home to 80 species of aquatic animals, 250 species of birds and 37 species of mammals.
How to reach
This national park is well-connected through a nicely cluster of roads and railways. One can reach Bandhavgarh National Park via railways, roadways and airways. Khajuraho and Jabalpur Airport is near from this park. Nearest railway station is Umaria and Katani railway station. This park is well-connected from various cities like Jabalpur, Satna, Umaria and Khajuraho.
Seeing the large number of travellers from across the country, one can find a plethora of hotels which offers you a nice stay. These Madhya Pradesh hotels are –
- Aranyak Resort
- Nature heritage Resort
- Jungle Mantra
- Tiger Trails Resort and many more
2. Kanha Tiger Reserve
Kanha National Park is one of the famous tourist attractions which is situated in the heart of Madhya Pradesh, India. The famous author Rudyard Kipling got inspired from this park and he wrote his masterpiece called Jungle Book. Kanha is also famous for sightseeing of tigers, Barasinga (Swamp deer), Blackbuck and peacock. The reserve also has a thick forest which includes Sal, Bamboo and Mahua trees. Kanha Park is also famous for a large variety of birds. There are two entrance gates for this park- Khatia and Mukki entrance gate. Khatia entrance gate falls on Mandla district &Mukki on Balaghat district of Madhya Pradesh state.
How to reach
It is well-connected through roadways, railways and airways. There are direct flights from Delhi and Mumbai to Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar International Airport-Nagpur, Swami Vivekananda Airport -Raipur and Jabalpur. There are regular trains from Jabalpur, Nagpur and Gondia to this park that will ease your India tours.
One can find the finest of the hotels in and near Kanha National Park, which are equipped with necessary contemporary amenities. These hotels are –
- Taj BanjaarTola
- Tuli Tiger Corridor
- Kanha Earth Lodge
- The Baagh Resort
3. Pench National Park
This National Park is quite different from others as Pench National Park is situated partially in Madhya Pradesh and partially in Maharashtra in the district of Seoni and Chhindwara. It derives its name from Pench River which divides the park into western and eastern halves. It is a famous tourism spot which is spread in an area of 758 sq kms. Your India tourism get more exciting as the place is a rich reservoir of flora and fauna. It is a safe shelter for many endangered species.
How to reach
Pench National Park is well-connected to other cities via railways, roadways and airways. Nagpur and Jabalpur airport are nearest from this park. Nagpur railway station is the nearest railway station from Pench National Park.
Here are the finest hotels near the park –
- Taj Baghvan Wildlife Resort
- Tuli Tiger Corridor
- Pench Jungle Camp
- Mahua Vann Resort
- Tiger Valley Resorts
4. Panna National Park
It is the famous national park which is situated in Panna and Chhatarpur district of Madhya Pradesh. It is listed as the twenty second best National Park in India and fifth in Madhya Pradesh. A visit to this national park is a treat for your Rajasthan Tourism. It is one of the famous Tiger reserves in India which is also home to some of the wildlife species in India which includes sloth bear, Chinkara, sambhar, deer, antelope and nilgai. This region is also known for its diamond industry.
How to reach
One can reach at this park via railways, roadways and airways. The nearest airport is Khajuraho airport. Satna is the nearest railway station from this park. Panna town is the nearest bus stand which is connected to Khajuraho, Satna and many other places in Madhya Pradesh.
To reward your tour with the finest stay, the place is filled with many accommodation options which are also listed as best Madhya Pradesh hotels –
- Ken River Lodge
- Taj Safaris Pashangarh
- Panna Tiger Resort
- Kings Lodge
- Kanga Earth Lodge and
- Tree House Hideaway
If you are looking for the opportunity to spend time amidst the wildlife of the country, Madhya Pradesh is the best location that you can choose while planning your holidays in India.