Role and Significance of an India Tour Operator

The land of mysticism, enchanting geographic splendor, inspiring cultural practices, India has long been accredited for all its characteristic features. These features of the country has attracted numerous connoisseurs of art, wildlife enthusiasts, nature lovers, curious historians and inspired many vacationers and wandering souls to visit India for a life-changing experience. The need of hiring the services of an India tour operator arises from the very fact that the country offers so much to see and that India tour can be a never ending process. The presence of such diversity and range of sighting options can beguile a traveler's mind and requires an expert help to be sorted. Traveling India has mainly two facades that of serenity and serendipity, when one chooses to get the help an inbound tour operator in India one is assured of only pleasant surprises.

Significance of a Tour Operator in India

The tech savvy generation today believes in the ways of internet while the backpackers never bother for a plan; In the case of India tour however, both the ways can turn into a blunder. The country is renamed for its uncertainties and it's not easy to figure it out without any guidance. Therein India tour operator emerges as a perfect companion chasing away the complexities and overcoming all obstacles to ensure you have a perfect traveling experience. Each of the regions in India has its own language, customs, topographical features, history and sets of beliefs so to encompass all the features of the particular region one should get the help of a tour agent physically present in the country.

Choosing the Right One

India is a renovated travel destination and it witnesses horde of travelers each year. Thus tourism industry is flourishing immensely giving birth to innumerable tour agencies offering their services for India tour. From a gamut of incoming tour operators in India one should look for the ones with good respectability in the business. Those accredited by Ministry of Tourism, Govt. Of India and associations such as IATA is generally the most reliable organizations. These tour agencies are reputed for their detailed knowledge of the traveler's needs, their excellent vendor relationships providing best offers, innovative touring routes and top-notch standards of services. Ranging from popular touring circuits such as Kerala backwaters tour, Golden Triangle Tour, South India Temple Tour to more exciting ones such as trekking in Himalayan ranges, white water rafting in Rishikesh, Buddhist pilotage routes, biking tour through Rohtang Pass and more all is arranged Flawlessly.

Role of an India Incoming Tour Operator

Once you choose your tour operator all your travel worries will be taken care of providing one jubilant and exciting experience. The tour operator will take care of all the arrangements starting from planning your perfect tour itinerary with inclusions made as per your preferences, also suggesting better sightseeing options and off the beaten path to explore the country. Executing the plan comes next and your India tour operator will be strategically taking care of all the arrangements. Starting from welcoming you at the airport to hotel transfer, escorting you to the sightseeing places, hotel bookings, flights reservations, availing reputed guide services, complete upkeep and assistance through the tour all will be done under expert precision.

Source by Surya Prakash Mishra

India Travel – The Heaven of Tourism Enjoyment

India has a rich culture, with many temples, hills and sanctuaries. It is well-known for its majestic tourist places, hills, rivers, plateaus, plains, beaches, deltas and deserts, many luxurious hotels and resorts, picturesque nature sites and whether it is Ajanta Ellora caves or Taj Mahal the love monument which comes under seven wonders of world. From culture to traditions to history to nature to adventure to man-made beauties, It has the most amazing array of travel products and destinations to offer to the tourists throughout the world.

India is also recognized for its festive seasons, it is full of festivals. People have great faith in god. The best thing about India is the diversity in Indian culture and religions. It has approximately 400-500 temples in India with excellent architecture & a story behind each temple. So many religions and so many people, but still people of different religions celebrate festivals with great enthusiasm like they are celebrating their own. If you go and visit these temples in India, you will feel so holistic & nature impression which is unforgettable. Once in India you would privilege yourself for gathering knowledge as to different religious facts and importance of them in ushering in peace in your life.

As you set about visiting each state by state, you will be amazed at the extent of diversity in culture, language, food pattern, lifestyle of each of them. Red Fort, Kutub Minar, The world famous attraction is Agra the city of Taj Mahal another region tourist love is the state Rajasthan for its forts and palace hotels. The state of Kerala is also high on the priority list. India, it shows you the religions of India, which is an important part of India.

There is also some very good wildlife viewing in top class national parks. This wondrous land India is a haven of flora, fauna and avifauna. The legacy of bountiful wild animals includes 550 mammals, 30,000 insects and 2000 species and sub-species of birds, with over 500 species of reptiles and amphibians including the deadly king cobras, pythons, crocodiles and monitor lizards. Due to its diverse topography and varying climatic conditions, India is the second largest country on the planet to have such diverse life forms. A wild life tour to Indian jungle, reach the heights of unlimited excitement, when experience the moments of wilderness with the crawling tigers, trumpeting elephants and the hissing snakes.

Each & every destination of India is so amazing, if you want to get more adventure, trek up the lush green slopes of the Himalayas or go rafting down the rapids of the river Ganges. Holy Temples & religious shrines are also one of the most popular tourist places in India. It delivers you various categories of tourism like history tourism, adventure tourism, medical tourism like Ayurveda and other forms of Indian medications, spiritual tourism, business travels, holiday seekers, beach tourism, etc.

Source by Santosh Mails

General Aviation in India

The term ‘aviation’ may refer to civil aviation or general aviation. ‘Civil aviation’ usually means aviation related to the military, and government and private airline companies. Aircrafts by private owners, private companies, flying clubs, etc. come under general aviation. Indian general aviation is rapidly growing. Companies with their own aircraft have an edge over their competitors as they can save on the time spent travelling from one place to another using airports with heavy traffic. Another advantage is that they can use their aircraft to fly to destinations not served by civil aviation. Helicopters have a higher potential when compared to airlines as they can reach places that other aircraft cannot.

In India helicopters have the potential to be used more efficiently. Currently they operate from airports. India does not have heliports or heli-routes. The lack of infrastructure is a major drawback when it comes to general aviation. There are no Fixed Base Operators (FBO) terminals for general aviation. There are only very few agencies managing ground handling. Lack of proper maintenance, repair and overhaul (MRO) is also a concern.

There are a number of regulations that make owning a private aircraft difficult. For instance, many government agencies such as Ministry of Civil Aviation and Airport authority of India are involved in the procedure to get a private aircraft. The 25% duty increases the cost of owning an aircraft. In metro areas, there are restrictions on when can the aircraft be operated. This often fails the purpose of a privately owned aircraft.

There are not enough qualified professionals to handle the jobs within the general aviation industry. The few flying schools in India are not producing enough pilots to serve the industry. Apart from pilots, there are a number of jobs such as an aviation engineer, air traffic controller, flight engineer and aviation technician that need qualified candidates. The universities are unable to meet the needs of the industry.

A number of companies of international repute are planning to open aviation service centres and warehouses in the major cities in India, such as Mumbai and Delhi. For instance, GE Aviation and Air India are joining to set up a maintenance, repair and overhaul (MRO) facility in India’s commercial capital, Mumbai. Hawker Beechcraft is also setting up a service centre in Mumbai.

Misconceptions, lack of awareness and problems in communication between the government and the public, along with the drawbacks in infrastructure are the major hurdles in the growth of general aviation in India. With some changes in the government policy, and a clear vision and commitment, the general aviation industry in India will be able to reach its full potential.

Source by Rozz Anie

Foreign Women in India’s Freedom Struggle

Womanhood of India has stood courageously with the warriors, rebellions, and the national army to share the sacrifices and victories of the India’s freedom struggle. Many women including Indira Gandhi, Sarojini Naidu, Rani Lakshmi Bai, Kamla Nehru, Kasturba Gandhi, Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit, and Madam Cama have martyred their lives to win India complete freedom.

Besides from these women and may others, there are some of the foreign women who have played an influential role in the freedom struggle. These noble souls came to India in search of spirituality and peace but later on, they started venturing into the social issues of the country. They felt the need to keep the civilization, philosophy, culture, and spirituality of the country alive. With this they all actively participated in the independence movement during which they dedicated their lives to the country.

Some of the foreign women who served the country with their lives are:

Sister Nivedita

She was greatly influenced by the philosophical beliefs of Swami Vivekananda and Hindu religion. She was born on October 28, 1867 in Ireland and in 1898 she visited India to get an answer to her search of truth. She became the disciple of Swami Vivekananda who gave her the name Nivedita, which means someone who is dedicated to God.

Dr. Annie Besant

Annie Besant was an Irish lady who strongly supported India for everything. In the year 1902 when she visited London she criticized England for all the bad conditions prevailing in India. She also brought into effect the Home Rule League and in 1914 joined the Indian National Congress. This great leader was born in 1847 in London in an Irish family. Her father died at a very young age and later on her mother failed to bring her up. So her mother decided to persuade her friend Ellen Marryat to care of Annie. Marryat made her learn all the aspects of life and society.

Meera Ben and Sarla Ben

Meera Ben and Sarla Ben are renowned worldwide as Mahatama Gandhi’s two English daughters who showed undying devotion to the country. To support the campaign of Mahatma Gandhi Meera Ben spread the words through press and also undertook the Khadi tour throughout the country. Sarla Ben visited many villages to help families who are in need and those whose men are imprisoned for a noble cause of earning India freedom.

Source by Jennie Kakkad

The History, Present and Future of Aerial Photography in India and The Rest of The World

Aerial Photography refers to capturing shots with the help of an airborne camera. A sea change has been witnessed in the field of Aerial Photography during the course of over 14 decades of its glorious history. Back in 1858, a French photographer named Gaspard-FĂ©lix Tournachon, for the very first time, succeeded in carrying out a session of Aerial Photography with the help of a hot air balloon tethered at the height of 80 meters. Unfortunately, none of those priceless shots has survived to this day. Two years later, in 1860, Samuel Archer King and Wallace Black captured Boston from a height of 630 meters. Fortunately, this aerial photo has survived, and it now goes by the name of Boston, as the Eagle and the Wild Goose See It.

Initially, Aerial Photography was carried out with the help of pigeons, kites rockets and balloons. In 1897, Alfred Nobel became the first human being in the world to succeed in capturing an aerial photo with the help of a rocket-mounted camera. Nine years later, in 1906, George Lawrence captured San Francisco before and after the infamous earthquake. Lawrence succeeded in carrying out this session of Aerial Photography with the help of a 49-pound camera mounted to the height of 2000 feet with the help of a train of as many as nine kites. L.P. Bonvillan, in 1908, captured the very first aerial photo from an airplane. During the first World War, detailed maps were prepared with the help of Aerial Photography.

Fortunately, the professionals did not take a long time in making pigeons obsolete in this regard, but the use of kites and balloons for mounting the camera to the desired height continued, and a few professionals still use it for the same purpose. However, manned planes and drones, these days, are the most popular carriers of aerial cameras.

Drones are preferred by most of the professionals over their manned counterparts owing to the ability of the former to capture equally good shots without involving a whopping amount of money.

The lighting conditions in the area that needs to be captured with the help of a drone should be perfect. In this context, ‘perfect’ refers to reasonable light. Contrary to popular belief, too much of sunshine isn’t healthy for drone photography. According to most of the professionals, the best time for carrying out Drone Photography is just before the sunset. The quality of the concerned lens should be superlative since it invariably plays a vital role in deciding the fate of each and every aerial shot. It is highly recommended to refrain from using drones for photography on days when it’s raining, snowing or windy out there no matter how advanced the concerned drone may be since the results will, almost always, be disappointing.

Drones are popular not only popular because of the reasonable cost involved with them but also because of their versatility. The duration for which a drone can stay airborne varies from model to model, and a drone either comes bundled with or without a built-in camera. So, coming across a drone that fits the bill no matter how specific the need may be is always easy.

The use of gimbals in drone photography is recommended since they enable the drone-mounted camera to capture stable footage. These days, there is no dearth of drones that can capture footage in 4K and this is one of the reasons why the concerned shots are detailed in nature.

These days, filmmakers in all parts of the world have started to use drones for capturing stunning footage that looks great on the big screen. So, the reliance on land-based cameras has now started to witness a decline in filmmaking that isn’t drastic, but reasonable won’t be an inappropriate word to use for the same. Such a decline is also being witnessed in many other fields.

One of the most important applications of Aerial Photography is in the field of Disaster Management. Drones can easily capture clear footage of any area that is difficult to access via foot. The same drones also facilitate the rescue operations by capturing the areas that are severely hit by natural disasters like earthquake and flood. Drones, these days, are also being used for monitoring the construction of any illegal structure to ensure that they can be demolished as soon as possible.

Most of the builders in all parts of the world have started to use drones for coming across the most conducive sites for carrying out the intended construction.

For carrying out Aerial Photography in any part of the world, you need to comply with the guidelines laid down by the concerned authority and India is no exception to this fact.

The most important guidelines laid down by the Directorate General of Civil Aviation for carrying out Aerial Photography in India are as follows:

1: A drone flying in India needs to stay in the Visual Line of Sight.

2: Drones in India are prohibited from flying in controlled airspace.

3: It is mandatory for all the operators in India who want to fly a drone at/above 200 feet above ground level in the uncontrolled airspace to have an Unmanned Aircraft Operator Permit issued by DGCA.

4: A drone flying in India should have a Unique Identification Number issued by DGCA.

Visit the official website of the Directorate General of Civil Aviation to make yourself aware of all the concerned guidelines in detail.

For carrying out Aerial Photography in Australia, the operators need to have a certificate as well as a license issued by the Civil Aviation Safety Authority. In Australia, drones that weigh under 2 kilogramme can be used for commercial reasons.

In the United States of America, the Federal Aviation Administration only allows the operators who are licensed pilots to fly a drone. The operators should always keep the drone in the Visual Line of sight and ensure that everyone in America stays unharmed with such operations. Visit the official website of the Federal Aviation Administration to acquire the awareness of the detailed guidelines.

The United Kingdom is considering to come up with reasonable laws for the individuals who wish to carry out Aerial Photography, but as of now, there are just a few guidelines that need to be complied with for carrying out the same. Currently, anyone in the UK can buy and fly a drone that weighs less than 20 Kilogramme. The drone should always be in the Visual Line of Sight that refers to the height of 400 meters. For flying a drone beyond the 400-metre mark, the operators need to have the formal permission from the Civil Aviation Authority. The drone should maintain a distance of at least 150 meters from any area that is flooded with people. A drone in the UK can’t be used for commercial purposes. Visit the official website of the Civil Aviation Authority to know about all the guidelines in detail.

In Ireland, the operators need to register all the drones weighing over 1 Kg with the Irish Aviation Authority. While flying, all the drones in Ireland should always maintain a distance of at least 5 Kilometres from each and every aerodrome. A drone is prohibited from flying in a civil airspace or an airspace controlled by the military. Visit the official website of the Irish Aviation Authority to know about all the guidelines in detail.

In India, Aerial Photography doesn’t date back to many years in the past, and therefore, it isn’t as popular as it is in a few other parts of the world, but the awareness of this acclaimed method of capturing shots is now spreading at a gradual pace. A considerable number of Indians have now realised that Aerial Photography is better than its land-based counterpart in many ways and this is the reason why they are now more interested in the former than the latter.

Aerial Photography is playing an important role in the growth of India’s tourism sector by tempting millions of people across the globe to pay a visit to a large number of monuments, shrines and many other tourist destinations in India at least once. The growth of India’s real estate sector also owes a lot to the impressive shots captured through drone-mounted cameras since they have proved to be successful in encouraging the potential buyers towards the piece of land that has been put on sale.

An impressive number of business houses across India have now started to use the aerial footage for advertising their products and services, and they are happy with the results.

Aerial Photography in India is expected to witness a surge in the number of takers in the future because the number of service providers in the concerned field is increasing and consequently, the cost of availing Aerial Photography services is expected to come down to the point when most of the Indians will call it affordable. Currently, despite being interested, a lot of Indians can’t afford to opt for Aerial Photography.

Source by Eshan Sahai

Renewable Energy: Can India Realize Its Unlimited Potential?

Driven by it increasing appetite for energy to fuel its economic engine, an over dependence on fossil fuels, increasing pollution levels across its major cities and a rising fuel import bill, India's need to adopt and promote the use renewable sources is more pressing than most.

To its credit, India has already made rapid strides towards achieving its core objectives in the renewable energy development domain. As a result of the concerted efforts put in by the central government and its Union Ministry of New and Renewable Energy in tandem with multiple state bodies and NGOs, India today is a leading global player in terms of its total installed wind power capacity and decentralized solar Energy projects.

Solar energy is fast becoming the preferred option in the generation segment across a large number of states, driven largely by the ample sunlight across most parts of the country and multiple government incentives like tax holidays and capital subsidies.

Key factors like rapid improvements in technology, entry of fully integrated players and the sheer economies of scale have all combined to reduce capital costs of solar energy projects significantly in recent years. With this, several renewable energy projects including solar are expected to achieve grid parity as early as next year, when compared with costly to fuels such as LNG and imported coal.

According to the global clean energy communications and consulting firm, Mercom Capital, Indian solar installations are projected to be approximately 2,200 megawatt (MW) by the end of this year while its wind energy market is expected to attract investments totalling INR 1,00,000 crore ( $ 15.7 bn) by the year 2020 while wind power capacity in the country is expected to almost double from over 23,000 MW in June 2015, with an estimated capacity forecast of around 4,000 MW pa over the next five years.

Realizing its vast potential, the new Indian government has also announced a slew of big ticket programs aimed at providing a new impetus to the Indian renewable energy development story. A list headlined by the announcement of a massive renewable energy power production target of 175,000 MW by 2022 (100,000 MW-solar, 60,000 MW-wind, 10,000 MW-biomass, 5,000 MW-small hydro power projects).

Other key initiatives include: announcing the National Wind Energy policy, approval for 15,000 MW of grid-connected solar power projects by the NTPC and the inclusion of the renewable energy under priority sector lending (PSL) by the RBI which has paved the way for banks To provide loans upto US $ 2.36 mn to borrowers for renewable energy projects.

Clearly, if things go as planned, India looks well set to occupy its rightful place as a leading producer of clean energy and a shining example for the rest of the world to follow.

Welspun Renewables is one of India's leading players in the clean energy domain and is committed to establishing mega renewable energy projects in the country.

Source by Nikhil Mehra

How to Enjoy Adventure Tourism in India

To put it simply, adventure tourism is the apotheosis of the beach holiday – it’s getting out there and doing something that you enjoy, something that can be as challenging as you want but that gives you a sense of achievement and not just a sun tan.

India has an amazingly diverse climate and topography – there are mountains, fast flowing rivers, all types of forest (alpine, tropical and mangrove), alluvial plains, grasslands, deserts, oceans and beaches. This gives endless opportunities for adventure tourism amongst the beauty, colour and uniqueness that is India. India is a famous tourist destination, but there is so much more than the Taj Mahal and the Golden Triangle. The awe-inspiring Himalayas and the surrounding foothills provide a fantastic environment for trekking, skiing and rock climbing while the fast flowing rivers cascading through them are perfect for white water rafting, kayaking and canoeing or even fishing. There are also opportunities for paragliding and hot air ballooning and other sky borne adventures. As well as being famous for vistas of white sandy beaches, the coastal areas also offer a huge range of water sports including diving and snorkelling.

The forests, grasslands and desert areas support a fantastic array of wildlife providing a different arena for adventure holidays. There are more than 500 National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries in India providing the excitement of wildlife safaris by jeep, elephant back or boat when there is the chance of seeing many rare and endangered species, including the tiger. The whole country is also a paradise for birdwatchers with many famous bird reserves, namely Keoladeo Ghana National Park in Bharatpur – a fantastic wetland sanctuary. Visiting these Reserves actively helps with the conservation of India’s endangered wildlife.

Part of the adventure is in how you travel – bikers, just imagine touring the high altitude snow deserts of Ladakh on the enigmatic Enfield Bullet! Alternatively, take a jeep safari across the Himalayas or, if you prefer to be on foot, there are an incredible variety of hiking opportunities from short walks in low altitude alpine meadows to mighty treks over some of the highest passes in the world. If cycling is your thing, push yourself to the limit and tour Rajasthan by bike. Or why not see India from horseback or perhaps from the back of a camel on a romantic safari through the desert.

Specialist tour operators offering adventure holidays to India are well aware of the needs of responsible tourism and eco-travel so in this progressively environment conscious world a trip to India can provide the adventurous traveller with a huge range of activities whilst promoting the conservation of this amazing country.

Today the logistics of arranging an eco-friendly adventure holiday to India area easy – look on the internet and you will find professional tour operators who can help you choose the right trip for you and make all the necessary travel arrangements – wherever you want to go, whatever you want to do and whatever type of transport and accommodation you need for your trip, you can be confident that they will organise everything efficiently and smoothly.

Source by Harish K Singh

The Next Place to Invest

When it comes to the benefits of tax reform, don’t look to the Trump administration’s new proposals (however worthy or unworthy they may be)…

Instead, turn your gaze 9,000 miles away…

To India.

That’s where a unified national goods and services tax (GST, for short) just became a parliamentary reality.

It sounds wonky, boring and easy to dismiss. But the new tax system promises to change nearly everything we’ve come to know and accept about India’s economy.

The winners are the Indian economy, the Indian people – and foreign investors…

India’s “Common Market”

Imagine what the modern-day U.S. economy might look like if South Carolina could levy a border tax on a load of Georgia peaches. Suppose New York had a duty tax on computers shipped in from California?

Such taxes were commonplace among the original 13 independent colonial governments.

But we have trouble even conceiving the idea in our current economy because of Section 9 of the U.S. Constitution: “No Tax or Duty shall be laid on Articles exported from any State.”

Until now, India’s tax structure looked much the same as America’s did 200-plus years ago – a patchwork of taxes, surcharges and fees levied by its 32 state governments and the national government in New Delhi.

The result? Higher costs and confusion, for one.

  • A rice grower in the Indian state of Chhattisgarh might pay multiple levies for a new tractor as it’s shipped from a factory in the state of Gujarat, less than 900 miles away.
  • And how do you calculate the taxation on software coded by programmers in Uttar Pradesh (the Silicon Valley of India), packaged in another state and then purchased by a business in New Delhi?

According to India’s Economic Times, the old system of indirect state levies pushed up costs to Indian consumers and businesses by 20 to 30%.

It also slowed down the speed of India’s economy.

For instance, the average freight truck in India travels a paltry 280 kilometers (173 miles) a day, versus 800 miles a day in the United States. Partly, the low distance is because of India’s lack of investment in its road network until recent years.

But experts say it’s also because an Indian freight truck must stop at each state border so local tax authorities can inspect the goods and collect duties.

The new tax sweeps all those “indirect” tax levies away, promising a revved-up Indian economy that may put China’s glory days of economic growth to shame by comparison.

“Made in India”

Analysts at HSBC believe the unified goods and services tax will add at least one full percentage point to the country’s yearly economic growth (which has already surpassed China’s as the fastest growing in the world at a 7.6% annual clip in 2015).

As goods move more freely across the country, it might raise annual gross domestic product growth by as much as 1.7% a year, according to India’s National Council of Applied Economic Research.

Our own Federal Reserve, according to a recent research note, expects that the new tax might accelerate India’s annual economic growth by as much as 4%!

That’s one reason why a German freight shipment and logistics company, recently said it will invest $268 million in India in the next three years.

CEO Frank Appel told reporters the company will consolidate its distribution centers around the country, upgrade its airport operations and optimize its logistics network to take advantage of the new, simpler tax structure.

And things are just getting started. As Appel noted, more manufacturers will emerge in India as they realize they don’t have to worry about onerous, confusing tax provisions any longer. “The Goods and Services Tax is a very robust step in realizing [the appeal of having products] ‘Made in India.'”

Source by Jeff L. Yastine

How to Varnish Indian Wooden Furniture

Varnishing is a popular way to apply a protective coating to all types of Indian wooden furniture. It gives the furniture a protective and shiny covering and helps in resisting grease, water, dirt and several other contaminants to affect the surface of the furniture. Experts are of the opinion that Indian wooden furniture lasts longer when properly varnished.

Before you apply the varnish on your Indian wooden furniture, prepare an area to work. The room must have plenty of fresh air circulation. It must have the proper temperature. But make sure that the furniture isn’t exposed to direct sunlight. The heat would cause fast drying of the varnish.

If the furniture has been varnished earlier, you’ll need to check the condition. If you find the existing varnish to have been discolored or damaged, you’ll have to remove it by a stripper. Read carefully the varnishing instructions given by the Indian furniture manufacturers or wholesalers.

However, if the wooden furniture is fresh, first clean and dry it. Indian furniture wholesalers and manufacturers recommend using fine grade sandpaper for the purpose. You also have to choose the right brush for varnishing. A bristled brush is the best and it’ll help to alleviate the lines on the finishing. A new, clean brush is always recommended by Indian furniture manufacturers or wholesalers.

While applying the varnish, prepare to seal your Indian wooden furniture with the first coat itself. Bare wood needs to be sealed first and the best sealer is the varnish itself. But raw varnish can’t be applied directly on Indian wooden furniture. Hence, Indian wooden wholesalers and manufactures usually advice using a thinner with the varnish. To mix the two, pour a measured volume of the varnish into a container and then pour a similar volume of mineral spirits and stir slowly and thoroughly.

Now to apply the varnish, dip your sealer into your container. Raise the brush and wait for some time to let the excess solution drip. Then, brush your varnish onto the bare surface of your Indian wooden furniture by straight, long strokes. To get the best result, brush along the grain of the wood and brush evenly.

You’ll need the first coat to dry completely overnight and then proceed to the next step. Having dried the wood, use a fine sandpaper for smoothing the surface. After the wood becomes dry wipe it clean with a soft cloth. Then, repeat your sealing process. The whole varnishing process is usually over with a couple of coats.

While varnishing Indian wooden furniture, remember not to dip your brush directly into the can of varnish. This could lead to a contamination of the entire can. As each coat of varnish dries, make sure that you use the sandpaper to dry any overlapping varnish before applying the next coat.

Proper varnishing can make Indian wooden furniture look new for ages. In fact, your furniture can attain an antique value when you take proper care of it and Indian furniture wholesalers and manufacturers are very meticulous in maintaining their products.

Source by Prabuddha Neogi

Traditional Indian Wedding Dances

Indians are famous for throwing exorbitant, lavish weddings with lots of color, loud music and enthusiastic dancing. An Indian wedding is an auspicious occasion celebrated with great zest, fervor and enthusiasm. Weddings all over the world are celebrated enthusiastically, but the thing that seems to separate Indian weddings from the rest are the dances.

Dance is the soul of any Indian wedding. Those dancing may be far from professional, but no one can resist the urge to move around on the dance floor to the rhythm of the music to celebrate with the newly weds. By expressing their joy and love through dance, the wedding guests happily greet the new couple into the world of marriage.

However, not every wedding dance is the same. Traditional dances in the north will sometimes vary greatly from the traditional dances in the south due to the vast diversity of the Indian subcontinent.

In all Indian weddings, there’s a special song and dance ceremony called Lady Sangeet, where women sing wedding folk songs while dancing. In addition, sometimes the bride and groom will prepare a Bollywood dance to perform for their guests, regardless of what part of India they’re from.

North India – Bhangra

In north India, the most common dance form is Bhangra, which is seen in almost every north Indian wedding. All wedding guests take part in Bhangra, regardless of their ages. Because this dance doesn’t require any kind of special training or time to learn, everyone can easily participate.

Bhangra is a folk dance originating from the north Indian state of Punjab. Historically, this dance was performed by farmers during harvest time.

Bhangra involves raising your hands and feet up in the air to the rhythm of the music. To get a mental image, imagine yourself screwing a light bulb into the ceiling while twisting your foot like you’re trying to squeeze something with it.

When men and women dance together, the men perform Bhangra while their female partners perform Gidha. Gidha is the mirroring of the speed and movements of your partner.

East India – Garba

In Gujrat, a traditional dance known as Garba is held the night before a Gujarati matrimony, and it involves a lot of dancing. Garba helps to get both families interacting with each other, and provides a happy atmosphere to improve inter-family relationships before the wedding the next day.

Within Garva is a dance event called Raas, where couples dance together with Dandia sticks. The couples dance with the Dandia sticks in their hands, and hit them together after intervals of dancing.

Because Garba involves so much partner dancing, the people of East India know it as an ideal ceremony for new couples to meet and begin their own stories together.

South India – Traditional Folk

South Indians love to incorporate traditional folk into their weddings. Aside from the traditional reception after the wedding, south Indian couples normally host a sort of entertainment event involving traditional folk songs and dances. These songs and dances are all designed to reflect the compatibility and understanding between the bride and her groom.

This time of entertainment also gives a much-needed break from stress for those involved in planning and executing the wedding. The get a break and can enjoy themselves despite the hectic schedule of putting on a grand Indian wedding.

Source by Sanavee Kumari