Disadvantages of Railway Freight

Although railway freight is one of the ancient modes of transport that has evolved through time, it has got a share of its own shortcomings. The disadvantages include the following.

First, railway freight can be affected by unforeseen delays in its operations. The delays may be caused due to mechanical breakdowns, adverse weather conditions like snow and ice that may cover the railway lines making rail freight almost impossible. This can be a major setback in the railway transport industry as the delays are unpredictable.

Secondly, another shortcoming is that one has to rely on the schedule or timetable of the railway freight company. If the freight company does not have services for a given day, one has no option but to wait till when the service will be available next. If the service decides to suspend or postpone its activities for a certain period, one will be forced to wait until the services resume. Therefore, the users do not have control over the rail freight services.

Another major disadvantage of railway freight is that most of the customers or users of this service are not located near the railway depot or terminal. They have to travel over some distance so as to reach the service. Most of the services can only be accessed from railway stations or depots and are not distributed. The terminals are found along the railway line meaning that where there is no railway line, there is no rail freight service. This means that the user has to travel over long distances to access the service. This also means that moving from the railway terminal to final destinations is also cumbersome. Accessibility to railway freight thus becomes a problem.

Furthermore, railway freight also has a limited number of carriers for transporting cargo. For instance if the number of coaches is twenty, they cannot be increased and one will have to wait for the next trip in order to make use of the service. This limits the amount of cargo that rail freight can haul at ago. Their transport service is limited to the number of containers that can be hauled at one go.

Moreover, railway freight requires intensive capital investments. Most of the railway machinery consumes a lot of capital ranging from the railway line to the engines. This also means that should there be any mechanical problem, it will require a lot of funds to fix the problem. Such amounts may not be readily available which may end up stalling the railway freight service altogether.

Finally, railway freight has got limited and fixed routes that do not have much connectivity. Connection between two different points that do not have a railway terminal is impossible. Connection is only established where a railway line passes through meaning that cargo can move only along the railway line to a specified destination. The problem is even made worse due to the fact that expansion of the rail network calls for massive capital investment which may not be readily available. This works against the expansion of the railway network.

Source by Brijesh P Ghelani

Being a Widow in India is a Curse

As spectators to India’s surge ahead towards becoming a global nation we some times tend to forget the centuries old traditions that have often defined India across time. And even today’s generation thinks of India of yore it’s all the seemingly good things that come mind.

But along the superpower that India is, exists a rather rudimentary nation that still exists in the past. Mention the secluded lives of widows and many of us won’t even acknowledge that there are people who still think that the death of a spouse can alter the course of lives.

Lonely Images, a photo exhibition offered one such insight into the world of Indian widows. Often condemned to a life of loneliness and subjected to taunts, physical and mental torture at the hands of the deceased husband’s relatives, widows in India have no one else to turn to except gods.

Featuring the works of Ying Leong, Erik Boker, Brain Harmon and Vanessa Tang, Lonely Images highlights the women forced by centuries old traditions to renounce all of life’s luxuries.

Vanessa Tang shows the life of such women in the holy city of Benares. Tang’s lens captures the ‘slowness’ of a widows’ life along the banks of Ganga. The images are unlike anything that Incredible India would ever show you as they depict a world that is as old as time itself and yet survives parallel to the present.

Put together by the Guild For Service, an organisation dedicated to empowering women for more than forty years, the exhibition also highlights the work done by the Guild. Started in 1972 by the Nobel Peace Prize nominee Dr Mohini Giri, the organisation spearheads the movement for giving status to widows and bringing back dignity and joy to their lives.

Ying Leong’s photos feature the widows at Amar Bari, Guild For Service’s shelter home for widows in Vrindavan. The death of a husband changes everything for millions of women in India and more often than not this also means a journey to Vrindavan, one of India’s holiest town.

According to estimates Vrindavan has over 4,000 temples and the city is home to more than 20,000 widows. Forced to live according to the ancient scriptures such as The Dharmashatra, which covers the moral, ethical and social laws of ancient India, Amar Bari has women whom tradition expects to devote the remainder of their lives to the memory of the departed husband.

The last section of Lonely Images is made up by the joint works of Erik Boker and Brain Harmon. Large canvases featuring classical studio portraits of widowed women form a better part of the duo’s work. The images might be staged, the set-ups might be planned but the photographers nevertheless capture rare glimpses of happiness in their subjects.

Visually stunning and strong images, some of them break away from traditional portraits and focus on cutaways and close ups of hands and eyes. It might be very easy for many of us to shun the rules of yore by spinning yarns of progress but we need to understand that no matter how far we come some part of the past just refuse to die.

NOTE: This photography exhibition in Delhi depicts clearly the lonely images of an Indian widow’s life.

Source by Mahatru Goyal

Top 4 National Parks to Visit in Madhya Pradesh

India is known for its diversity and cultural richness. Known for its glorious past and brave stories, India offers its every traveller a warm welcome with all open hearts. If you are thinking to visit India in the near future, plan your vacations to one of the most amazing state of the country, Madhya Pradesh.

As its name suggests Madhya (center) Pradesh (area), the state is located in the middle of the country. The state is blessed with a bundle of natural richness and wildlife reserves. It is the state of Madhya Pradesh, which is crowned with the title of having maximum wildlife reserve centuries in the country.

To make your wildlife tour more enchanting we have brought to you the best of the 4 wildlife sanctuary of Madhya Pradesh which are visited by thousands of travellers every year. So let us start with this amazing jungle tour-

1. Bandhavgarh National Park

Bandhavgarh National Park is one of the famous National Parks which is spread at Vindhya hills at Madhya Pradesh. It is one of the best places to see royal Bengal tigers in India. The density of tiger’s population is highest known in India in this park. It is a home to 80 species of aquatic animals, 250 species of birds and 37 species of mammals.

How to reach

This national park is well-connected through a nicely cluster of roads and railways. One can reach Bandhavgarh National Park via railways, roadways and airways. Khajuraho and Jabalpur Airport is near from this park. Nearest railway station is Umaria and Katani railway station. This park is well-connected from various cities like Jabalpur, Satna, Umaria and Khajuraho.


Seeing the large number of travellers from across the country, one can find a plethora of hotels which offers you a nice stay. These Madhya Pradesh hotels are –

  • Aranyak Resort
  • Nature heritage Resort
  • Jungle Mantra
  • Tiger Trails Resort and many more

2. Kanha Tiger Reserve

Kanha National Park is one of the famous tourist attractions which is situated in the heart of Madhya Pradesh, India. The famous author Rudyard Kipling got inspired from this park and he wrote his masterpiece called Jungle Book. Kanha is also famous for sightseeing of tigers, Barasinga (Swamp deer), Blackbuck and peacock. The reserve also has a thick forest which includes Sal, Bamboo and Mahua trees. Kanha Park is also famous for a large variety of birds. There are two entrance gates for this park- Khatia and Mukki entrance gate. Khatia entrance gate falls on Mandla district &Mukki on Balaghat district of Madhya Pradesh state.

How to reach

It is well-connected through roadways, railways and airways. There are direct flights from Delhi and Mumbai to Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar International Airport-Nagpur, Swami Vivekananda Airport -Raipur and Jabalpur. There are regular trains from Jabalpur, Nagpur and Gondia to this park that will ease your India tours.


One can find the finest of the hotels in and near Kanha National Park, which are equipped with necessary contemporary amenities. These hotels are –

  • Taj BanjaarTola
  • Tuli Tiger Corridor
  • Kanha Earth Lodge
  • The Baagh Resort

3. Pench National Park

This National Park is quite different from others as Pench National Park is situated partially in Madhya Pradesh and partially in Maharashtra in the district of Seoni and Chhindwara. It derives its name from Pench River which divides the park into western and eastern halves. It is a famous tourism spot which is spread in an area of 758 sq kms. Your India tourism get more exciting as the place is a rich reservoir of flora and fauna. It is a safe shelter for many endangered species.

How to reach

Pench National Park is well-connected to other cities via railways, roadways and airways. Nagpur and Jabalpur airport are nearest from this park. Nagpur railway station is the nearest railway station from Pench National Park.


Here are the finest hotels near the park –

  • Taj Baghvan Wildlife Resort
  • Tuli Tiger Corridor
  • Pench Jungle Camp
  • Mahua Vann Resort
  • Tiger Valley Resorts

4. Panna National Park

It is the famous national park which is situated in Panna and Chhatarpur district of Madhya Pradesh. It is listed as the twenty second best National Park in India and fifth in Madhya Pradesh. A visit to this national park is a treat for your Rajasthan Tourism. It is one of the famous Tiger reserves in India which is also home to some of the wildlife species in India which includes sloth bear, Chinkara, sambhar, deer, antelope and nilgai. This region is also known for its diamond industry.

How to reach

One can reach at this park via railways, roadways and airways. The nearest airport is Khajuraho airport. Satna is the nearest railway station from this park. Panna town is the nearest bus stand which is connected to Khajuraho, Satna and many other places in Madhya Pradesh.


To reward your tour with the finest stay, the place is filled with many accommodation options which are also listed as best Madhya Pradesh hotels –

  • Ken River Lodge
  • Taj Safaris Pashangarh
  • Panna Tiger Resort
  • Kings Lodge
  • Kanga Earth Lodge and
  • Tree House Hideaway

If you are looking for the opportunity to spend time amidst the wildlife of the country, Madhya Pradesh is the best location that you can choose while planning your holidays in India.

Source by Abhishek Mathur

Dating Places in Bangalore

Bangalore, the capital of Karnataka, has grown out as a cosmopolitan city, thanks to the influx of people coming down from various parts of the country and the globe. The weather condition of Bangalore is really good and it has many places that are worth visiting. The concept of pubs, dining out, shopping at malls has become common and people love indulging in them on weekends.

The percentage of the young crowd is high here and this could be one of the reasons why pubs and discotheques are a hit here. Due to the young crowd, dating in Bangalore is also becoming quite common and a number of youngsters can be seen roaming hand in hand.

Best Places to Date in Bangalore

When it comes to dating in Bangalore, parks are placed at the top of the list. Some of the parks that are frequented by youngsters are Lal Bagh, Wonder La Amusement Park, Freedom Park, Cubbon Park etc. The Amusement Park of Wonder La is quite a new craze in Bangalore, as it has a water park and an amusement park with both dry and water rides. It is located on the road to Mysore and costs Rs 450 for a single individual to go and enjoy in the amusement park.

The Hesaraghatta Lake is situated about 29 kilo meters from the city. This is yet another hot spot for lovers who can enjoy taking a stroll beside the lake and also enjoy with their partners. There are sailing facilities available here. Go slightly further down about 40 kilo meters and you can enjoy the Omthara Kala Kuteera. It is indeed a pleasant drive away from the city’s hustle and bustle and couples can spend quiet time together and enjoy the pastoral beauty and scenic surroundings.

If you don’t mind going further down, then you can visit Muthyala Maduvu, which is located 44 kilo meters from the city and is a popular picnic getaway. Enjoy the rustic surroundings and the waterfall. Shivganga, one of the famous dating places in Bangalore, is also ideal for one day trekking and you get to spend time away from the crowded city. If your partner wishes to go further down, then there is the Halenijagal amongst superb woody valleys and hills.

Enjoy a perfect date with your loved one around the cool Chunchi Falls, which is located at a distance of 85 kilo meters from the main city. The place is pebble strewn, so one needs to be careful. Check out the Chamrajsagar reservoir which is a drive of 35 kilo meters and it is the ideal place to rejuvenate far away from the maddening city crowd. On airport road is located Devanahalli. Here, you can enjoy a day’s trip visiting the beautiful and rich architecture of the temples. When it comes to dating in Bangalore, Nandi hills is yet another hot spot and you get to visit beautiful Chola style temples and you would surely cherish the picturesque beauty. Couples who are interested in fishing can check out for the Kanva Reservoir and you would find that it to be an interesting place worth visiting.

Mekedatu is around one hundred kilo meters from the city and is quite a hot spot for dating couples. Other places for dating in Bangalore include malls like Garuda Mall, Sigma mall, Lido Mall, Mantri Mall and so on, where couples can have a wonderful time hand in hand. Coffee houses and pubs too are ideal places to date in Bangalore. Coffee World and Barista are places worth visiting for dating. Enjoy good food and drinks at pubs with your partner.

Source by Paul Kahn

Discuss the Factors Which Influence a Person’s Migrability

An individual’s migratability refers to how likely, or the probability they are to migrate. There are a few prominent factors that influence this decision.

One main factor is that of distance. Ravenstein’s distance-decay law states that as the destination country’s distance from the home country increases, the less likely someone will migrate due to unfamiliarity of a completely foreign environment, culture, way of life and even problems of assimilation and psychic costs. research has proven that over half of immigrants in America come from neighboring Mexico which is only a 3000 km long border away, while minorities of Mexican migrants go further than that. This shows how distance-decay theory is a main influence on destination of migration, and whether they will even migrate. The nearer the destination, the lesser the emotional costs and thus the more likely migration will occur.

Another strong factor is the extent of difference in culture and way of life in the destination country compared to the home country. few choose to migrate to countries like Japan where probability of acculturation and even integration is unlikely, as the Japanese have their own unique way of thinking that is alien to much of the world or even strange. In events where such a high level of difficulty of connecting with the local populace is involved, it is less likely that one will choose to uproot and take on such a challenge in a foreign territory. One famous case is the world-renowned journalist and writer Pico Iyer, but few others like him exist.

Another main factor that affects the decision to migrate would be the extent of attractiveness of pull factors in the host country coupled with that of the push factors from the home country. In India, Mumbai, Chennai, New Delhi and many other cities, the richest and most well-educated young people are leaving the country in greater numbers. The push factors of pollution is severe where our pollution is above that of official guidelines. Meanwhile the prospect of a high-paying job as an engineer or otherwise in a suburb or city in USA, UK like London or New York is alluring. When there is such a stark contrast in standard of living in the host country, it is not unusual for people to make the choice to migrate for the sake for career prospects and long-term prosperity. If the contrasts are not as stark, then they may not have as much incentive to make such a drastic change in their lives.

Source by Lynn NG